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St. Louis' Gateway Arch

During the 19th century St. Louis, Missouri, was the largest city on the edge of the western frontier. To honor those early pioneers, city leaders agreed to build a monument that would become the iconic landmark for the St. Louis skyline. After a national competition that started in 1947, Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen’s design came in first place. He broke ground on building his freestanding, stainless steel arch in 1963. What became the tallest man-made monument in the U.S. was completed October 28, 1965. The “Gateway Arch” opened to the public June 1967.

First Open-Heart Surgery

Dr. Daniel Hale Williams was one of the few African-American surgeons of the early 1890s. He ... more

Henry Ford Sets Speed Record

The founder of the Ford Motor Company set a world speed record on January 12, 1904. Driving model ... more

Gas Mask Patented

An invention whose basic concept is still being used to save lives today was patented on October ... more
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